Francis Lister Hawks

June 10, 1798
September 27, 1866
Home Town:
New Bern, NC
Later Residences:
New Haven, CT
Philadelphia, PA
New York, NY
Flushing, NY
Holy Springs, MS
New Orleans, LA
Baltimore, MD
Olivia Hunt Hawks (unknown)
Emily Kirby Hawks (October 11, 1823)
Biographical Notes:
Francis Lister Hawks was the grandson of John Hawks, an Englishman who had been the surveyor for St. Paul's Cathedral in London and came to North Carolina with Governor William Tryon in 1764 to design a government house in New Bern. He was the architect of Tryon Place.

After attending the Litchfield Law School, Hawks became a reporter of the North Carolina Supreme Court for six years and published four volumes of Reports.

In 1826, he left the law to study for the Episcopal ministry. After being ordained in New Bern in 1827, he became the assistant minister at Trinity Church, New Haven, CT. He then served at St. James Church in Philadelphia before accepting a position as Professor of Divinity and Theology at Washington College (now Trinity College in Hartford, CT). ...

Years at LLS:
Other Education:
Studied at the New Bern Academy and attended the University of North Carolina in 1815.

Profession / Service
Lawyer; Political Office; Educator; Religious Calling
Admitted To Bar:
North Carolina in 1820
Training with Other Lawyers:
He studied in New Bern, NC with William Gatson and John Stanley.
State Posts:
Reporter of the Supreme Court (NC)
State Representative (NC) 1821

Related Objects and Documents
In the Ledger:
help The Citation of Attendance provides primary source documentation of the student’s attendance at the Litchfield Female Academy and/or the Litchfield Law School. If a citation is absent, the student is thought to have attended but currently lacks primary source confirmation.

Records for the schools were sporadic, especially in the formative years of both institutions. If instructors kept comprehensive records for the Litchfield Female Academy or the Litchfield Law School, they do not survive. Researchers and staff have identified students through letters, diaries, family histories and genealogies, and town histories as well as catalogues of students printed in various years. Art and needlework have provided further identification of Female Academy Students, and Litchfield County Bar records document a number of Law School students. The history of both schools and the identification of the students who attended them owe credit to the early 20th century research and documentation efforts of Emily Noyes Vanderpoel and Samuel Fisher, and the late 20th century research and documentation efforts of Lynne Templeton Brickley and the Litchfield Historical Society staff.
Houghton, Josiah. "LLS Law Notebook 1817-1818." Litchfield Law School Collection, Series 1, Subseries 1, Litchfield Historical Society. Available online at

Catalogue of the Litchfield Law School (Hartford, CT: Press of Case, Tiffany and Company, 1849), 15.
Secondary Sources:
Powell, William S., ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, Vol. 1. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.

Carraway, Gertrude S. Crown of Life. O.G. Dunn, 1940.

Carraway, Gertrude S. Years of Light. O.G. Dunn Company, 1944.

Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 4. 1960.

Miller, Stephen F. Recollections of New Bern Fifty Years Ago. 1873.

Duyckinck, E.A. A Memorial to Francis Lister Hawks, D.D., LL.D., 1871.

A Tribute to the Memory of Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D.D. LL.D, 1867.
Fowler, Henry. The American Pulpit. 1856.

"Francis Lister Hawks." Putnam's Magazine. Jan., 1868.

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