Henry Baldwin

January 14, 1780
April 21, 1844
Home Town:
New Haven, CT
Later Residences:
Philadelphia, PA
Allegheny County, PA
Sally Ellicott Baldwin (June 1805)
Mariana Norton Baldwin (May 1802)
Biographical Notes:
Henry Baldwin was the son of Michael Baldwin and Theodora Wolcott Baldwin. After his parents' death in 1787 he resided with his half-brother, politician and first president of the University of Georgia, Abraham Baldwin. Henry attended the Hopkins Grammar School in New Haven in 1793 and then graduated from Yale College in 1797 at the age of eighteen. He attended the Litchfield Law School following his studies at Yale and then went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he studied law for several months with the Honorable Alexander J. Dallas. He was admitted to the Philadelphia bar on March 6, 1798.

In 1799, Baldwin started for Ohio to join his brother Michael and stopped in Pittsburgh, which in that year was a city with a population of 1500. Baldwin married Mariana Norton in May of ...

Years at LLS:
Other Education:
Attended Hopkins Grammar School in 1794, and Graduated from Yale College in 1797.

Profession / Service
Lawyer; Business; Political Office
Admitted To Bar:
Phildelphia, PA on March 6, 1798, and in Alleghany County, PA on April 30, 1801
Training with Other Lawyers:
He studied law for several months with Hon. Alexander J. Dallas in Philadelphia, PA.
Political Party:
Federal Posts:
U.S. Representative (PA) 1817-1822
Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1830-1844
Federal Committees:
Chariman of the Committee on Domestic Manufacturers from 1819-1822.

Related Objects and Documents
In the Ledger:
help The Citation of Attendance provides primary source documentation of the student’s attendance at the Litchfield Female Academy and/or the Litchfield Law School. If a citation is absent, the student is thought to have attended but currently lacks primary source confirmation.

Records for the schools were sporadic, especially in the formative years of both institutions. If instructors kept comprehensive records for the Litchfield Female Academy or the Litchfield Law School, they do not survive. Researchers and staff have identified students through letters, diaries, family histories and genealogies, and town histories as well as catalogues of students printed in various years. Art and needlework have provided further identification of Female Academy Students, and Litchfield County Bar records document a number of Law School students. The history of both schools and the identification of the students who attended them owe credit to the early 20th century research and documentation efforts of Emily Noyes Vanderpoel and Samuel Fisher, and the late 20th century research and documentation efforts of Lynne Templeton Brickley and the Litchfield Historical Society staff.
Catalogue of the Litchfield Law School (Hartford, CT: Press of Case, Tiffany, and Company, 1849), 3.; "Moothall Society Record Books." Litchfield Law School Collection, Series 1, Subseries 3, Litchfield Historical Society.
Secondary Sources:
Baldwin, Thomas Tilson, Ed. The Green Bag. An Entertaining Magazine for Lawyers, Vol. 15. Boston: The Boston Book Company, 1903;

Carson, Hampton L. History of the Supreme Court of the United States, Vol. I. Philadelphia: P.W. Ziegler and Company, 1902.;

Baldwin, Charles Candee. Baldwin Genealogy from 1500 to 1881, Vol. I. Leader Printing Company, 1881.;

Dexter, Franklin Bowditch. Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College with Annals of College History, Vol. 5. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911.;

Friedman, Leon and Fred L. Israel. The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions, Vol. 1. NY: Chelsea House in association with Bowker, 19

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